Jacqueline Bloch (Laboratoire Photonique et Nanostructures, Marcoussis)

3 avril 2017 11:30 » 12:30 — Bibliothèque PCT - F3.04

Quantum fluids of light in semiconductor microcavities

Semiconductor microcavities appear today as a new platform for the study of quantum fluids of light. They enable confining both light and electronic excitations (excitons) in very small volumes. The resulting strong light-matter coupling gives rise to hybrid light-matter quasi-particles named cavity polaritons. Polaritons propagate like photons but strongly interact with their environment via their matter part : they are fluids of lightand show fascinating properties such as superfluidity or nucleation of quantized vortices. Sculpting microcavities at the micron scale, we fabricate at C2N lattices of variousgeometries and use this photonic platform for the emulation of different Hamiltonians.

After a general introduction, I will illustrate with several examples the diversity of physical problems we have implemented with polariton lattices : Dirac physics and edge states in honeycomb lattices, fractal spectrum in quasi-periodic 1D lattice, or flat bandsin lattices with geometric frustrations.

I will conclude with the discussion of polariton-polariton interactions, which gives the system giant non-linearities, thus opening the way to the exploration of complex non-linear dynamics and in a near future quantum many body physics with light.

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